Yorkshire, England - Epilogue

Where we didn't go  posted in January 2016

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Before our trip to England in October 2015, the planning stage resulted in an over-supply of scenic destinations.  Below are the main ones we didn't see.

Once back home I thought about those places and in January 2016 found public domain images to demonstrate how scenic they are.   

Scarborough -  The original Scarborough Fair began in 1253 under a Charter approved by Henry III.  The fair soon thereafter turned into a 45-day trading event which (according to Wikipedia) attracted merchants from all over England, from what we now call Baltic & Scandinavian states, and, from other European ports-of-call.  The annual Fair tradition lasted a little more than a hundred years and then began to diminish in duration & importance.   

In the 1600's, acidic natural springs occurring along the coast were advertised as having tremendous healing properties, and soon thereafter, Scarborough became a premier spa-resort town, and still is today.  Scarborough can be extremely crowded on the 80 or 90 degree F days in June and July, and don't try to drive into town or park there, in the summer, the guide books say.  There are a few key park & ride lots to know about, the most stress-free means for you to get into town. 

Scarborough Castle is a Royal fortress dating back to the 1100s and its worth taking a walk up there to see really good views of the beach and the town.   

note - you can enlarge any part of a picture by left-clicking in and then out again.

wide view of Scarborough another look summer crowds with Castle looming above the Castle above the town
  on a less crowded day rental bath houses      

Whitby is another popular coastal town for Yorkshire visitors.      

in the distance you can see the famous steps to the Abbey   shops & restaurants are at lower right 199 steps from town to  Abbey
  another Abbey  sacked by Henry the 8th  tiny beach North York Moors historic railway leaving Whitby  
2014 Tour de France, stage one annual Goth  festival, see note the inspiration for Dracula. early morning at Whitby

note - Dublin, Ireland born Abraham "Bram" Stoker wrote Dracula in 1897, a story influenced by his visits to Whitby, by his research into Eastern European mythology, and, by the book Carmilla by Irish writer Joseph Le Fanu.

Whitby hosts popular annual Film and Goth festivals, during the peak tourist season, between May and July. 

Bram Stoker had a Math degree from Trinity College, Dublin, and worked for a few years in the Irish Civil Service, on the side establishing himself as a Theatre critic, and then for the next 27 years he managed the Lyceum Theatre, in London, owned by the most famous actor of the time, Henry Irving.  The two became lifelong friends. 

There Bram began writing a total of 13 books (non-fiction and fiction).  His 1909 book The Lady of the Shroud is considered to be possibly the first science fiction novel.  (Wikipedia)  

Robin Hood's Bay - While no one knows for certain where the town's name comes from, history certifies that this was one of the most active smuggling ports in the UK, on the North Sea, over distant centuries.   

Legend has it that stolen goods could be off-loaded from ships and transferred to horse-drawn carts on the outskirts of town without ever seeing the light of day, supposedly through a series of makeshift basement connections or tunnels.  Legend also indicates that parts of the old town have occasionally fallen off the face of the cliff-like terrain, right into the sea.  

A colorful and atmospheric or even romantic place?  Yes, indeed, and, it's also a tourist hot spot.  In the summer it can be jammed with cars & people. The incredible setting IS the big draw, as are the fish & chips, if you can only find a seat at the few waterside cafes.      

the town from the north view over the heather from the south a marvelous setting lot of Inns here
  steep hills and  a lot of erosion the shops fish & chips with a view  
low tide perspective          

Swaledale, upstream of Richmond, is an area known for classic 'Yorkshire Dales' scenery.  

near Muker and Keld falls on the River Swale bikers Swaledale 
    rusticated barns sheep and a red grouse
town of Gunnerside      
  in the heather      

Impressive Durham Cathedral was on our destination list too until I read at our rental house guide that photography was not allowed inside.  You can only purchase a fixed set of slides. Also, the trip required about 2.5 hours of train time, each way.     

Durham Cathedral sits in a beautiful location, surrounded by River Wear and the old Medieval town. It is considered to be 'one of the finest Norman structures in England'.  The intricate design & coloration of the columns is supposedly a reference to early Christian, or Eastern Orthodox architecture, as seen in Constantinople. 

Legend has it that not a single structural or architectural change of any kind has been made since the 1130's when the Cathedral was completed.

The online guide states that there's a Docent lead hike every morning at 9:00 am for an hour, seeing the sights.  Probably best to stay overnight in town to be on that hike 

Durham Castle & the River Wear Cathedral & Castle completed in 1135; see note below  
  Norman columns; see note below         

Finally, here are images of historic trains operating on the North York Moors Railroad line, an 18 mile trip through the Moors from Pickering to Whitby.  The railway operates mainly during the tourist season and by October, service has dropped to weekends only.  This was not one of our destinations, but I like seeing these old engines, kept in good working condition & being used to bring joy to people of all ages. 

train ride through the Yorkshire Moors Moors' heather turns purple in August    
    the Sir Nigel Gresley Groathland Station

Scotsman Sir Herbert Nigel Gresley (1876-1941) designed the fastest and most elegant steam locomotives in railroad history, in particular the Flying Scotsman (100 mph) and the Mallard (126 mph), which engines are shown on the webpage for the National Railway Museum, on our last day in York. 

Nigel Gresley held the position of Chief Mechanical Engineer for the London and North Eastern Railway, and later for other railway companies.  His train engines "set new standards for comfort, speed, and safety", and in 1936, he received an Honorary Doctorate from Manchester University, and, was Knighted by King Edward VII for his service to the Crown.  (info from wikipedia)

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